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Consumo latinoamericano de grupos de alimentos importantes: Resultados del estudio ELANS

La región de América Latina aún enfrenta una transición epidemiológica en curso y muestra un escenario complejo de salud pública con respecto a las enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT). Sin embargo, una dieta saludable y el consumo de grupos de alimentos específicos pueden disminuir el riesgo de ENT. Hay una falta de datos de ingesta alimentaria en los países de América Latina.

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Original research Socio-demographic patterning of self-reported physical activity and sitting time in Latin American countries: findings from ELANS

Los bajos niveles de actividad física (PA) y el tiempo de sesión prolongado (ST) aumentan el riesgo y la mortalidad de las enfermedades no transmisibles, además de ser influenciadas por características sociodemográficas. El objetivo del estudio consistió en utilizar datos del autoinforme para caracterizar patrones sociodemográficos de AP y ST en los ocho países Latinoamericanos.

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Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: findings from the ELANS study

La actividad física (AP) y los comportamientos sedentarios (SB) son dos factores de riesgos independientes de enfermedades no transmisibles. El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar datos objetivos para caracterizar patrones de los grupos sociodemográficos sobre AP y SB en los ocho países Latinoamericanos. 2,732 participantes (de 15 a 65 años) del Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS) fueron incluidos. Los datos de PA y SB fueron recolectados usando acelerómetros. Los niveles de tiempo promedio en PA y SB fueron comparado por sexo, edad, nivel socioeconómico y educativo.

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Hábitos alimentarios de la población urbana costarricense

Es sabido que los malos hábitos alimentarios contribuyen a la aparición de enfermedades crónicas, como la obesidad y la diabetes mellitus, sin embargo, no existe información actualizada respecto a la alimentación de la población urbana en Costa Rica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los hábitos alimentarios de la población costarricense incluida en el Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS). En el método de estudio se incluyó una muestra de 798 participantes entre 15 y 65 años del área urbana de Costa Rica. Se determinó el consumo diario promedio de alimentos y la frecuencia por tiempo de comida de acuerdo al sexo, el grupo de edad y el nivel socioeconómico.

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Sobrepeso, obesidad, niveles de actividad física y autoestima de la niñez centroamericana: un análisis comparativo entre países

El propósito de esta investigación fue examinar la prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad, niveles de actividad física y de autoestima de la población infantil centroamericana, comparándoles según sexo y país. Este estudio comparativo transversal de muestra probabilística aleatoria por conglomerados evaluó 5291 estudiantes matriculados en cuarto, quinto y sexto grado, de los cuales 52.3% fueron niñas y 47.7% niños, pertenecientes a 73 centros educativos de Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua y Panamá, con una edad promedio de 10.90 ± 1.13.

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