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Patrones sociodemográficos de viajes públicos, privados y activos en América Latina: hallazgos transversales del estudio ELANS

Transporte activo como caminada o bicicleta ha sido asociado con una salud más favorable. Sin embrago, la evidencia en transporte activo en Latinoamérica es escasa. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar y describir las características sociodemográficas del transporte público, privado y activo en países de Latino América.

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Nivel de actividad física en el entorno escolar: observación basada en el Sistema de Observación del Juego y Tiempo Libre (SOPLAY)

El propósito de esta investigación fue determinar los niveles de actividad física observada en los recreos escolares según el sexo, el tipo de ciclo escolar y la modalidad de horario en seis escuelas públicas de la provincia de Heredia. Este estudio descriptivo de corte transversal utilizó el Sistema de Observación del Juego y Tiempo Libre (SOPLAY) en una muestra de 1098 escolares. Para el análisis de los datos, se aplicó un análisis de corte descriptivo y uno no paramétrico de U-Mann Whitney para comparar dos muestras independientes por sexo, ciclos lectivos y tipo de horario escolar, con un criterio estadístico de p <0,05.

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Consumo latinoamericano de grupos de alimentos importantes: Resultados del estudio ELANS

La región de América Latina aún enfrenta una transición epidemiológica en curso y muestra un escenario complejo de salud pública con respecto a las enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT). Sin embargo, una dieta saludable y el consumo de grupos de alimentos específicos pueden disminuir el riesgo de ENT. Hay una falta de datos de ingesta alimentaria en los países de América Latina.

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Original research Socio-demographic patterning of self-reported physical activity and sitting time in Latin American countries: findings from ELANS

Los bajos niveles de actividad física (PA) y el tiempo de sesión prolongado (ST) aumentan el riesgo y la mortalidad de las enfermedades no transmisibles, además de ser influenciadas por características sociodemográficas. El objetivo del estudio consistió en utilizar datos del autoinforme para caracterizar patrones sociodemográficos de AP y ST en los ocho países Latinoamericanos.

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Hábitos alimentarios de la población urbana costarricense

Es sabido que los malos hábitos alimentarios contribuyen a la aparición de enfermedades crónicas, como la obesidad y la diabetes mellitus, sin embargo, no existe información actualizada respecto a la alimentación de la población urbana en Costa Rica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los hábitos alimentarios de la población costarricense incluida en el Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS). En el método de estudio se incluyó una muestra de 798 participantes entre 15 y 65 años del área urbana de Costa Rica. Se determinó el consumo diario promedio de alimentos y la frecuencia por tiempo de comida de acuerdo al sexo, el grupo de edad y el nivel socioeconómico.

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