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Patrones sociodemográficos de viajes públicos, privados y activos en América Latina: hallazgos transversales del estudio ELANS

Transporte activo como caminada o bicicleta ha sido asociado con una salud más favorable. Sin embrago, la evidencia en transporte activo en Latinoamérica es escasa. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar y describir las características sociodemográficas del transporte público, privado y activo en países de Latino América.

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Nivel de actividad física en el entorno escolar: observación basada en el Sistema de Observación del Juego y Tiempo Libre (SOPLAY)

El propósito de esta investigación fue determinar los niveles de actividad física observada en los recreos escolares según el sexo, el tipo de ciclo escolar y la modalidad de horario en seis escuelas públicas de la provincia de Heredia. Este estudio descriptivo de corte transversal utilizó el Sistema de Observación del Juego y Tiempo Libre (SOPLAY) en una muestra de 1098 escolares. Para el análisis de los datos, se aplicó un análisis de corte descriptivo y uno no paramétrico de U-Mann Whitney para comparar dos muestras independientes por sexo, ciclos lectivos y tipo de horario escolar, con un criterio estadístico de p <0,05.

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Consumo latinoamericano de grupos de alimentos importantes: Resultados del estudio ELANS

La región de América Latina aún enfrenta una transición epidemiológica en curso y muestra un escenario complejo de salud pública con respecto a las enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT). Sin embargo, una dieta saludable y el consumo de grupos de alimentos específicos pueden disminuir el riesgo de ENT. Hay una falta de datos de ingesta alimentaria en los países de América Latina.

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Original research Socio-demographic patterning of self-reported physical activity and sitting time in Latin American countries: findings from ELANS

Los bajos niveles de actividad física (PA) y el tiempo de sesión prolongado (ST) aumentan el riesgo y la mortalidad de las enfermedades no transmisibles, además de ser influenciadas por características sociodemográficas. El objetivo del estudio consistió en utilizar datos del autoinforme para caracterizar patrones sociodemográficos de AP y ST en los ocho países Latinoamericanos.

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Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: findings from the ELANS study

La actividad física (AP) y los comportamientos sedentarios (SB) son dos factores de riesgos independientes de enfermedades no transmisibles. El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar datos objetivos para caracterizar patrones de los grupos sociodemográficos sobre AP y SB en los ocho países Latinoamericanos. 2,732 participantes (de 15 a 65 años) del Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS) fueron incluidos. Los datos de PA y SB fueron recolectados usando acelerómetros. Los niveles de tiempo promedio en PA y SB fueron comparado por sexo, edad, nivel socioeconómico y educativo.

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